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## SCIENCE OF FLIGHT

###### FLY MAMBO

Aerodynamics

The science of how objects move through air

Altitude

The height of an object in relation to sea level or ground level

Aviation

Flying within the Earth’s atmosphere

Drag

The force that acts against an object in motion

Flight

Flight is the process of moving through the earth’s atmosphere (or beyond) without touching earth’s surface.

Hover

To remain in one place in the air - all forces of flight must be equal

Lift

The force that causes an aircraft to rise while in flight; created when air passes over and under an airplane's wings

Pitch

The movement a drone makes along the lateral axis

Roll

The movement a drone makes along the longitudinal axis

Space Flight

Flying through the vacuum of space is called Space Flight.

Thrust

The force that allows an aircraft to move forward; allows an aircraft to overcome weight and produce lift; created by a motor turning a propeller

VLOS

VIsual Line of Sight - drone is visible to the pilot without any devices like binoculars

DRONE FLIGHT

FLIGHT CONTROLS

FLIGHT CONTROLS - ACTIVITIES

FOUR FORCES OF FLIGHT - A CLOSER LOOK

INTRODUCTION

SAFETY

SCIENCE OF FLIGHT

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activities

In this section, students learn about the scientific concepts of flight and the terminology that defines how aircraft and drones fly.

### What is Flight?

Flight is the process of moving  through the earth’s atmosphere (or beyond) without touching earth’s surface.   Flying within the Earth’s atmosphere is called Aviation or Air Flight, and flying through the vacuum of space is called Space Flight.

### What Makes Flight Possible?

Aerodynamics, the science of how objects move through air and the laws of aerodynamics explain how things can fly.

##### The Four Forces of Flight

There are Four Forces of Flight that affect any object as it flies.

• Lift - All things that fly require lift, it works opposite to weight

• Weight (Gravity) - Every object is subjected to this force from the earth

• Drag - Force that works to slow an object down

• Thrust - Force that works against drag to help an object move forward

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